3M™ Glass Bubbles S28HS

Glass Bubbles S28HS
  • Additive used for density reduction in sheet and bulk molded composite vehicle parts.
  • Helps reduce weight of composite parts by up to 40 percent with a density below 1.0g/cc.
  • Used as a raw material in syntactic foam for pipes and risers in deepwater oil and gas recovery operations.


3M™ Glass Bubbles S28HS are hollow glass spheres with a typical density of 0.28 g/cc and an isostatic crush strength of 3,000 psi. These glass bubbles are designed for numerous applications such as deep water syntactic foams and airless spray coatings. The bubbles produce strong, stable voids with low thermal conductivity, helping the coating achieve the necessary compressive strength.

What are 3M™ Glass Bubbles?
Our 3M™ Glass Bubbles S28HS are engineered hollow glass spheres made from water-resistant and chemically-stable soda-lime borosilicate glass. Like all 3M™ Glass Bubbles, our S28HS glass bubbles are water and oil resistant, providing better utility in underwater applications. Additionally, they are non-combustible and non-porous, so they do not absorb resin; and their low alkalinity makes this product compatible with most resins while providing a stable viscosity and a long shelf life.

3M glass bubbles are a superior alternative to many conventional fillers and additives such as silicas, calcium carbonate, talc, clay and other materials used in demanding applications. Our low-density spheres are used in a wide range of industries to reduce part weight, lower costs and enhance product properties — making them more reliable and affordable.

Higher filler loading

Superb Strength-to-Weight Ratio
The benefits don’t end there; although these hollow spheres have thin walls, they have an impressive isostatic crush strength of 3,000 psi, making them suitable for a number of buoyancy applications, including additives in buoys and moorings. At 3,000 psi, S28HS bubbles have a targeted fractional survival rate of 90% for consistent performance and greater survivability.

Lower Viscosity

Notably, 3M™ Glass Bubbles S28HS are lower density 3,000 psi glass bubbles that offer significantly less weight, for better thermal conductivity at a given depth rating. These glass bubbles provide significantly lower density for better thermal conductivity at a given depth rating compared with S35 glass bubbles.

Airless Spray Coatings
glass bubbles S28HS bubbles can be used in many applications. One area where they excel is in airless spray coatings. Here’s how it works — an airless spray pumps a liquid that shoots through a nozzle. When bubbles are added to a coating, they have to survive this process and remain intact, meaning it’s important to pick bubbles on the basis of strength. Our bubbles offer sufficient strength at a minimal density.

In general most of airless spray equipment is in the 2,500-4,000 psi range. Our S28HS may work well for airless spray depending upon the formulation. It’s not just the fact that it has a 3,000 psi rating, this bubble has an average diameter of 30 microns, and 0.28 g/cc density. This unique combination of strength, overall particle size and density means this bubble may be well suited for airless spray coatings.

Pushing the Limits: a Proud History of Innovation
Hollow glass bubble technology was developed by 3M in the 1960s. Riser buoyancy modules and wet pipe flowline insulation using the first glass bubble-filled syntactic foams were capable of surviving down to 5,000 feet below sea level. Today, advancements in the strength-density ratio of glass bubbles enable these materials to be used down to 10,000 feet and development efforts are rapidly progressing to extend those capabilities to 13,000-15,000 feet, and beyond.

Other applications include

  • Paints and coatings
  • Rubber and plastic
  • Insulation and buoyancy
  • Thermal insulation
  • Wet pipe flowline insulation


Additional information

Appearance (Unaided Eye)

White Powder


Soda-lime Borosilicate Glass

Crush Strength (Imperial)

3000 psi (90% Minimum Fractional Survival)

Crush Strength (Metric)

20.68 MPa (90% Minimum Fractional Survival)


Construction, Insulation and Buoyancy, Paints and Coatings


Thin-walled Hollow Spheres

Typical Density

0.46 g/cc

Typical Median Particle Diameter

20 µm